Chapter Eleven of the Book Of Leviticus
Read the Douay-Rheims Latin Vulgate Bible everyday from Genesis to Apocalypse. The reading is currently at: Leviticus 11:1-11
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2 Say to the children of Israel: These are the animals which you are to eat of all the living things of the earth. 3 Whatsoever hath the hoof divided, and cheweth the cud among the beasts, you shall eat. 4 But whatsoever cheweth indeed the cud, and hath a hoof, but divideth it not, as the camel, and others, that you shall not eat, but shall reckon it among the unclean. 5 The cherogrillus which cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean.
2 "Animals which you are to eat"... The prohibition of so many kinds of beasts, birds, and fishes, in the law, was ordered, 1 st, to exercise the people in obedience, and temperance; 2 ndly, to restrain them from the vices of which these animals were symbols; 3 rdly, because the things here forbidden were for the most part unwholesome, and not proper to be eaten; 4 thly, that the people of God, by being obliged to abstain from things corporally unclean, might be trained up to seek a spiritual cleanness.
3 "Hoof divided, and cheweth the cud"... The dividing of the hoof and chewing of the cud, signify discretion between good and evil, and meditating on the law of God; and where either of these is wanting a man is unclean. In like manner fishes were reputed unclean that had not fins and scales: that is, souls that did not raise themselves up by prayer and cover themselves with the scales of virtue.
5 "The cherogrillus"... Some suppose it to be the rabbit, others the hedgehog. St. Jerome intimates that it is another kind of animal common in Palestine, which lives in the holes of rocks or in the earth. We choose here, as also in the names of several other creatures that follow (which are little known in this part of the world,) to keep the Greek or Latin names.
6 The hare also: for that too cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof. 7 And the swine, which, though it divideth the hoof, cheweth not the cud. 8 The flesh of these you shall not eat, nor shall you touch their carcasses, because they are unclean to you. 9 These are the things that breed in the waters, and which it is lawful to eat. All that hath fins, and scales, as well in the sea, as in the rivers, and the pools, you shall eat. 10 But whatsoever hath not fins and scales, of those things that move and live in the waters, shall be an abomination to you,
11 And detestable: their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall avoid.